Gather lots of different kinds of reading material: magazines, novels, autobiographies, biographies, stories, myths, encyclopaedias, etc. Ask learners to get into groups of two or three and give them a selection of books. Ask them to identify the nonfiction from the fiction. Ask them to write down the criteria for fiction and nonfiction reading material. Ask each group to share their ideas with one another. Write down a list on the board that describes fiction and nonfiction writing. Is the story Medevac a fiction or nonfiction? (fiction) Ask learners to defend their answers. Why do they think it is fiction? Why do they think it is nonfiction?
Ask learners to read each selection on the handout and decide if it is fiction or nonfiction. Sometimes it is hard to tell and could be either fiction or nonfiction (like the story).
Learners read the information on the handout about similes and then find five similes in the story. They fill in the blanks to make their own similes.
Use the questions on the handout to discuss the elements of the story with learners. Break learners into four groups and give each group the set of questions from characters, setting, plot and theme. Ask learners to share their ideas with the rest of the class.